Excel SUMIF Function - Microsoft Excel SUMIF Function Tutorial
Microsoft Excel SUMIF Function Tutorial
Microsoft Excel SUMIF Function Tutorial
What is the Microsoft Excel SUMIF Function?
The SUMIF function is a computer program that you run from a worksheet cell formula. It adds a group of numbers together from a worksheet area you specify, called a range, based upon a specified condition or criteria from another worksheet area. You run the SUMIF worksheet function by typing its name in a formula then followed by the information it is suppose to evaluate and calculate. This function's strength is it allows you to add only the values that meet a given condition like sum all values that = widget1. It has the capability to look at information from one area of the worksheet (range) and then add the information from another area (range). The two ranges do not have to be next to each other. The SUMIF worksheet function is most commonly used on rows or columns of information on the worksheet. The function also has the capability to search for parts of text within other text when evaluating its condition. Since this function uses a group of values to evaluate against a condition and a group of values to sum, for simplicity, make sure the groups have the same number of rows or columns as the SUMIF function uses the index position of what it finds to determine what to add. For example, consider the table below. If the SUMIF worksheet function was used to evaluate the table and sum all the Widget1 values, it would use the index positions 1,3,5 from Column 1 because they match Widget1, then sum the corresponding index positions in Column 2 which are 100,300,500.
How Do You Type the SUMIF Worksheet Function in a Formula?
Whenever you type a formula in a worksheet cell, this is called syntax or grammar. The general SUMIF function syntax has a format like this when you type it in a worksheet cell:
Where range, criteria, [sum_range] are called the function argument list. Remember, you are running a computer program at this point so the program needs information to operate and that is why there is an argument list. When you see an argument list and you see square brackets [ ] around the argument name, this means the argument is optional and you do not have to include it when typing unless you need it. So for the syntax above, you need to include 2 arguments for the SUMIF function when typing it in a worksheet cell formula in order for it to calculate correctly. What argument values can be used are discussed below. Remember functions expect certain things in their argument lists, if you do not put the correct information in the list they will generate an error when run.
SUMIF Worksheet Function Argument Definitions
How Do You Run the SUMIF Function?
Since the SUMIF function is a computer program, it runs when you press Enter to enter the formula that contains it. If any of the arguments are wrong, the function will return an error.
What Do I Type for a SUMIF Function Argument?
When typing the SUMIF function in a worksheet cell formula, you need to replace the argument list with arguments separating each one with a comma (,). Since the SUMIF function adds things it expects numbers to add. Some typical arguments you can use are:
* It is possible to name a cell or group of cells on a worksheet and use that name in place of a range reference or cell reference. Consult Excel help on how to name a cell.
Additional SUMIF Function Examples
The worksheet seen below contains some typical worksheet formulas that run the SUMIF worksheet function. Pay close attention to the argument list and the syntax used to write the formula.
Things to Know About the SUMIF Function
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