Excel OFFSET Function - Microsoft Excel OFFSET Function Tutorial
Microsoft Excel OFFSET Function Tutorial
Microsoft Excel OFFSET Function Tutorial
What is the Microsoft Excel OFFSET Function?
The OFFSET function is a computer program that you run from a worksheet cell formula. It takes a specified beginning cell reference then returns a cell reference or range reference that is offset from that beginning cell. For example, say you specify a cell reference of A1 in the function and you want to grab the cell value that is two rows down and one over, then you would use the OFFSET worksheet function to accomplish this task. The OFFSET function just does not return a single cell, it also returns ranges as well. In the case where it returns a range it is usually nested inside another function like SUM. The reason to use the OFFSET function really boils down to the scenario where you can lock onto to something like a header using some function like MATCH but you really want another cell around it. You cannot search on that cell because it is a number that keeps changing but the header always remains the same. So you lock onto what you can on the worksheet then grab the value around it. Another key use is when you go after data that fluctuates in size on the worksheet. The OFFSET worksheet function is a key player in locking onto the precise range regardless if it has shifted in size. This particular capability has applications in every feature that uses a range in Microsoft Excel including names, pivot tables, charts, formulas...etc. Many times the COUNTA worksheet function is nested in the 4th and 5th arguments of this function to determine the size of fluctuating data on a worksheet.
How Do You Type the OFFSET Worksheet Function in a Formula?
se the SUBTOTAL worksheet function when you have to exclude hidden rows in a basic calculation like taking the sum, average, max, min...etc of a group of cells. It is ideal for using with a filter like AutoFilter or Advanced Filter or on worksheets where rows are hidden and you do not want to include them in your calculations.
How Do You Type the SUBTOTAL Worksheet Function in a Formula?
Whenever you type a formula in a worksheet cell, this is called syntax or grammar. The general OFFSET function syntax has a format like this when you type it in a worksheet cell:
=OFFSET(reference, rows, cols, [height], [width])
Where reference, rows, cols, [height], [width] are called the function argument list. Remember, you are running a computer program at this point so the program needs information to operate and that is why there is an argument list. When you see an argument list and you see square brackets [ ] around the argument name, this means the argument is optional and you do not have to include it when typing unless you need it. So for the syntax above, you need to include 3 arguments for the OFFSET worksheet function when typing it in a worksheet cell formula in order for it to calculate correctly. What argument values can be used are discussed below. Remember functions expect certain things in their argument lists, if you do not put the correct information in the list they will generate an error when run.
SUBTOTAL Function Argument Definition
How Do You Run the OFFSET Function?
Since the OFFSET function is a computer program, it runs when you press Enter to enter the formula that contains it. If any of the arguments are wrong, the function will return an error.
What Do I Type for an OFFSET Function Argument?
When typing the OFFSET function in a worksheet cell formula, you need to replace the argument list with arguments separating each one with a comma (,). Some typical arguments you can use are:
* Note that the OFFSET and COUNTA worksheet functions are used to create a dynamic name in Excel. Names can refer to cells or ranges on the Excel worksheet. Consult Excel help on how to name a cell.
Things to Know About the OFFSET Function
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